Supply Chain Management
Used to determine the overall physical channel (e.g., plants, distribution centers and warehouses) by which materials are turned into finished goods and delivered to customers. More recently, network planning tools have been enhanced for use in strategic business planning scenarios (e.g., to answer such questions as what should the company's channel strategies be or what is the impact of switching suppliers). These tools are usually used for long-term decisions, although enterprises in more-dynamic environments are employing them on a more-frequent basis.
[vgl. academic1.csuohio.edu/gartner/research/ras/88600/88697/88697.html, Supply Chain Management Glossary 1.0 (23.05.2000), URL]