Socioeconomics Research Seminar

Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien , Departments 4 D4.3.106 13:00 - 15:00

Art Vortrag/Diskussion
Vortragende/r Prof. Simone Ghislandi, Università Bocconi
Veranstalter Department Socioeconomics
Kontakt anita.mayer@wu.ac.at

The „Research Seminar Series“ held by the Department Socioeconomics connects our Faculty and students with international scholars from the socioeconomics field. Latest research will be presented and discussed.

Title: Marital Age, Education and Domestic Violence


Violence against women is a human rights violation and domestic violence represents its most important component. Whilst some literature report female empowerment as a protective factor against domestic violence, other papers find the opposite effect. Using the sample of eligible women aged 15-49 with valid response on domestic violence in the 2015-16 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4)  (n=10,150), the general purpose of the present paper is  to investigate the effects of empowerment on DV.  Our focus is on empowerment in the form of marital age and education. The main contributions of this paper are twofold. First, we establish a causal relationship between empowerment and domestic violence taking into account the endogeneity  of marital age and education. We use a well-known instrument and run a series of Instrumental Variable (IV) regressions for the purpose. Second, we investigate two main channels through which marital age and education can exert their effect on DV: labor market participation and spousal quality. We show that: i) empowered women do experience less DV; ii) marital age and education are partially complementary; iii) labour market participation and spousal quality are relevant mediators of these relations; iv) policies aiming at reducing DV in India should be holistic, focussing on both women and men and improving the conditions of the women’ labour market.

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