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Personalizing masks to fight the spread of Covid
One of the most effective strategies in the fight against the pandemic is also one of the cheapest: FFP2 masks are an effective means for curbing the spread of COVID-19. So why are we seeing such a strong anti-mask sentiment in the population? How can people be convinced to wear the much-maligned piece of cloth? Researchers at WU (Vienna University of Economics and Business) have come up with an unconventional suggestion: They recommend personalizing face masks.
Women in upper management increase sustainability
Multinational companies and their top management have a special role to play in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). A team of researchers from WU (Vienna University of Economics and Business) and Copenhagen Business School has found that women in upper management at major companies have a particularly positive effect on the achievement of the SDGs.
Mining poses danger to the climate and biodiversity
For the first time, Earth observation satellite images allow researchers to make a comprehensive assessment of the global impact of mining activities. Victor Maus from WU’s Institute for Ecological Economics led the mapping of 100,000 km² of mining areas around the world. The result: Land of high value for biodiversity conservation and climate stability is most impacted by mining: This applies to 29% (29,171 km²) of the global mining area. The researchers also found that tropical and subtropical forests correspond to 60% (8,533 km²) of the area of forest removed for mining between 2000 to 2019.
Did banks underreport losses and delay disclosures during the financial crisis?
Politicians, regulators, and pundits have criticized banks' financial reporting as a key culprit of the problem in the financial crisis 2008–2009 and have called for changes. But is the criticism really justified? What changes are necessary? In a recent study, Professor Christian Laux from the Institute for Finance, Banking and Insurance at WU (Vienna University of Economics and Business) and his co-authors examine the disclosure and recognition of losses of international banks during the financial crisis. The authors also investigate the consequences of a regulation that reduces the impact of losses on banks’ required regulatory capital. The evidence is important to guide standard setting and recent debates in bank regulation.
Best Book in International Political Economy: WU Researcher Honored
The International Political Economy Society (IPES) has honored Jonas Bunte, professor of international political economy at WU Vienna, for his book “Raise the Debt: How Developing Countries Choose Their Creditors.”
Turning the spotlight on excellence: A look back at the 2021 WU Awards
We give credit to the people behind WU Vienna’s outstanding research achievements.
Upcycling: How products with a story attract buyers
Turning an old car airbag into a backpack or pieces of truck tarp into shoulder bags – this is called upcycling. A study carried out at WU (Vienna University of Economics and Business) shows that the story behind a product can be an important incentive to buy. The previous identity of a product can make buyers think about the product’s history and create a sense of owning something unique.
Artificial intelligence: Better data processing and editing are key
In today’s age of digitalization and artificial intelligence, data is becoming an increasingly important asset for society. We live in a data-based and data-driven economy. New business models depend on the availability of reliable, up-to-date data that guarantees transparency and resilience. However, if this data is not properly processed and maintained, it is often useless. A team led by Professor Axel Polleres, head of the Institute for Data, Process and Knowledge Management at the Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU), has conducted a study to determine which data is actually important to people and developed methods to make data easier to use, for both people and machines.
Socialism and the private sector: The making of ‘socialism with Chinese characteristics’
In the late 1970s, the Chinese government launched an ambitious program to promote private sector development – after decades of suppression and violent condemnation of anyone engaged in private capitalism. A study carried out at the Vienna University of Economics and Business investigates the precarious work done to reintroduce economic activities that had previously been considered illegal, immoral, and anachronistic. The study finds that such seemingly ‘transgressive’ change was facilitated through the negotiation and construction of regulatory and rhetorical distinctions that progressively reshaped understandings of what was (or was not) consistent with Chinese socialism.
New study: Who actually reads annual reports?
The annual report is one of the most important publications of any publicly listed company. However, only very little is known about the readers of annual reports and the things they are interested in.
A new model to monitor food insecurity
Food insecurity affects almost 33% of the world’s population.
The brighter side of materialism
In Asia, rapid economic growth and increasing prosperity among the middle classes have led to a surge in consumption. This is often seen as a move towards materialism and individualism. A study carried out at WU (Vienna University of Economics and Business) shows, however, that consumption in collectivist societies – i.e. societies that place the interests of the community over those of the individual – is more pro-social than in individualistic societies.