Report on the quality of life of family members providing care at home
As part of an EU-funded project in the field of home care, the Austrian Red Cross conducted a study on the quality of life of family members providing care. This study is based on the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire of the World Health Organisation (WHO) and thus allows comparability with studies that are also based on this instrument. The questionnaire contains questions on socio-demographic factors as well as those concerning the quality of life and was additionally extended by questions on the use of support services of the Austrian Red Cross. The latter refer both to the use of current services (i.e. services that the respondent currently uses) and to potential future services (i.e. services that the respondent would like to use in the future).
The NPO & SE Competence Center was commissioned to analyze the collected data based on the WHO scoring syntax. In addition, basic insights into the connection between quality of life, socio-demographic factors and the use of support services should be provided. Accordingly, a report was prepared, which (I) provides a descriptive overview of the sample (and in particular of quality of life) based on the WHO scoring syntax, and (II) generates a deeper understanding of the relationships between constructed quality of life indicators and socio-demographic factors and the use of support services.
With regard to dependencies within the sample, significant results were shown in the following aspects: Gender within the psychological quality of life (male participants rated their psychological quality of life higher than female participants), family status within the physical and environmental quality of life (married participants rated their physical and environmental quality of life higher than single, divorced or separated participants) and current health status in all areas (participants who suffered from a disease at the time of the survey rated all areas of quality of life worse than those who did not). With regard to the use of support services, differences in satisfaction with one's own health and ecological quality of life were found. The remaining group variables did not show statistically significant results, despite some visually noticeable trends, which may be due, among other things, to the size of the sample and to the dependence on unrecorded factors (such as the severity of the need for care).