Terms of Value-based Engineering
Terms to understand the Value Space and Value-based Engineering
Value-based Engineering - is a corporate innovation and engineering practice that strives to envision relevant stakeholder values (negative and positive ones) prior to system design with the help of ethics. Identified and prioritized values are then translated into Ethical Value Requirements (EVRS) that guide a system’s roadmap in conjunction with functional system requirements. For more information see
Core Value – one of several positive values that is identified as central in the context of a specific system’s operations. It is a value repeatedly circumscribed and/or anticipated by direct and indirect stakeholders as relevant for a system’s good behavior.
Ethical Value Requirement (EVR) – one of many organizational or technical requirements, which serve to materialize or impede the positive or negative value qualities of a system.
Values - are clearly perceivable phenomena in a situation, which influence how people act. Positive values are perceived as something desirable that influence the selection from available modes, means and ends of action. Values have also been described as “principles of the ought-to-be.
Value bearer – is a system, person, thing, action or relationship that carries values. Value dispositions (for example encryption) ensure that a system can be perceived as secure. And the system is called a value bearer, because it bears the core value of security.
Value disposition - a technical characteristic or feature embedded in a system that serves as an innate enabler or inhibitor for one or more value qualities. A value disposition can also be of organizational nature.
Value quality - is, in the context of a technical system a perceivable value manifestation that is either instrumental to system’s core value or is undermining it. Value qualities can be positive or negative. They are what humans can know/observe from a core value.
Virtues - are the values of human conduct. They describe the habitual character quality of a person that make that person a good and moral community member and decision-maker. Virtues promote not only individual-, but also collective greatness. Virtues behavior is typically marked by well-balanced golden-mean’ behavior hence avoiding extreme behaviors.