Frontaler Blick auf das D4 Gebäude.

Summer Term 2024

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  • June 25, 2024 / 12:00 p.m. - 01:00 p.m. / D3.0.233
    Irene Monasterolo (WU Vienna) 
    "Technological Greenness and Long-run Performance" 

    Abstract: Firms’ investments in green technology are crucial for investors’ alignment to the Net Zero target. However, it is still unclear whether firms that invest in green technologies are rewarded by the market, particularly in the long run. Using a science-based technological measure of greenness, we find that the adoption of sustainable technologies is associated with better future financial and operating performance. Firms with greener technologies do not just appeal to investors’ pro-social preferences but also represent better firms. The results are especially strong in countries characterized by higher financial development, and for firms with better climate-related disclosure.

  • June 24, 2024 / 12:30 p.m. - 01:30 p.m. / D3.0.225
    Martijn Boons (Nova School of Business and Economics)
    "When do Investors Care About Fund Performance?" 

    Abstract: We revisit some of the most fundamental questions in the mutual fund literature using relatively high-frequency data on fund flows and returns. We show that weekly flows significantly respond to a single day of performance. More surprisingly, this flow-performance sensitivity is mainly driven by days with heightened investor attention, which we show to be days with unusually low market returns (``bad days'') using a novel dataset of traffic to financial websites. Further, in contrast to existing evidence at lower frequencies, flows respond to both out- and underperformance on bad days. These bad day flows represent smart money, because bad day outperformance is persistent and contributes significantly to unconditional fund outperformance. In turn, this persistence reveals specific bad day skill that we argue to be different from general managerial skill.  Overall, the marginal fund investor at higher frequency rewards fund managers with specific bad day skill, which highlights the importance of studying the interaction between fund and market returns for understanding the mutual fund market.

  • June 05, 2024 / 02:00 p.m. - 03:00 p.m. / TC.4.05
    Justin Sydnor (Wisconsin School of Business)
    "Liquidity Constraints and the Value of Insurance" (joint with Keith Marzilli Ericson)

    Abstract: Insurance moves resources across both time and states. We study the consumption-smoothing benefits of insurance under liquidity constraints in a model where contracts span multiple consumption periods. The normative benchmarks for insurance demand under liquidity constraints differ qualitatively and quantitatively from the standard model: individuals may only partially insure at actuarially fair prices, may benefit from insurance when premiums are very high and even sometimes when dominated, and may value insurance against events that will surely happen. Simulations for health insurance show that the alternative normative benchmark for liquidity-constrained individuals affects whether common choice patterns should be interpreted as mistakes

  • May 28, 2024 / 12:30 p.m. - 01:30 p.m. / D3.0.222
    Alex Weissensteiner (Free University of Bozen-Bolzano)
    "Futures and options trading with heterogeneous agents: A general equilibrium model"

    Abstract: We examine the trading behavior of EuroStoxx 50 futures and options on EUREX exchange. Our analysis reveals a consistent pattern: during periods of heightened uncertainty, agents (traders acting on behalf of clients) tend to sell, while principals (market makers and proprietary traders) tend to buy. Agents drive the majority of trades, effectively positioning principals as liquidity providers. Interestingly, despite their selling activity in the futures market, agents engage in a "counterintuitive" strategy in the options market. They short puts and buy calls, effectively creating a synthetic long futures position. To shed light on these trading patterns, we propose a general equilibrium model that accounts for the presence of heterogeneous agents.

  • May 16, 2024 / 01:00 p.m. - 02:00 p.m. / TC.5.15
    Markus Parlasca (WU Vienna)
    "Voting and Trading on Proxy Advice" (joint with Paul Voss)

    Abstract: This paper studies how proxy advice affects corporate decision-making when shareholders can vote and trade. Because proxy advice correlates shareholders’ votes, it is informative about the vote outcome. We show that the predictability of the vote outcome induces shareholders with conflicting information vis-à-vis the proxy advice to sell their shares – precisely when their vote would be most valuable for information aggregation. We find that proxy advice can thus reduce firm value and more precise proxy advice may not improve corporate decision making. Our results give rise to new empirical predictions and have implications for regulation.

  • May 15, 2024 / 12:00 p.m. - 01:00 p.m. / TC.3.08
    Kristian Miltersen (CBS Copenhagen Business School)
    "Incremental Issuance in a Model of Risky Debt with Proportional Issuance Costs" (joint with Jens Dick-Nielsen and Walter N. Torous)

    Abstract: We study incremental issuance of corporate debt with and without commitment in a model where earnings are log-normally distributed.  We provide a non-smooth Markov perfect equilibrium solution as an alternative to the smooth Markov perfect equilibrium developed by DeMarzo and He (2021).  In our no commitment non-smooth equilibrium, equity holders gain positive tax benefits to leverage, there is a unique optimal leverage ratio, and a unique optimal maturity structure of debt.

  • March 07, 2024 / 12:30 p.m. - 01:30 p.m. / TC.3.05
    Luana Zaccaria (Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance)
    "Welcome on Board:The Spillover Effects of Mandatory Gender Quotas" (joint with L. Guiso and F. Schivardi)

    Abstract: The efficacy of board quotas as a policy to foster gender balance in business relies on the expectation that its effect can trickle down vertically inside the firms targeted by quota laws ‑ improving the working conditions of other female employees ‑ and/or spill over horizontally to other firms in the economy. Research has found little evidence so far for vertical trickle-down effects. We shift focus and investigate horizontal spillovers. We examine the 2011 Italian law that required listed and state-controlled enterprises (target companies) to significantly increase the number of board seats assigned to directors of the under-represented gender. Within the universe of Italian corporations, we identify “connected” firms as non-target firms that shared at least one board member with target companies in the years prior to the reform. We document that connected firms significantly increase the share of female board members after the reform as compared to similar non-connected firms, despite not being subject to the new law requirements. When accounting for spillover effects, the overall increase in the number of new female directors is at least twice as large as that computed on target firms alone. Connected firms are more likely to hire new female directors after the reform, and newly appointed directors, both male and female, are hired drawing from a broader geographical area, tend to have fewer prior connections with older board members, and are more likely to be firm outsiders. This suggests that the change in search technology induced by the reform may spill over to connected firms as target firms share information on new professionally selected candidates for directorship positions.