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Multi-Level Governance and Development

Will­kommen!

Die Mitar­bei­te­rInnen des Insti­tute for Multi-­Level Gover­nance and Deve­lop­ment beschäf­tigen sich mit einer Viel­zahl von Forschungs­fel­dern des Depart­ments Sozio­ö­ko­n­omie. Multi-­level analysis, auf Deutsch wohl am besten als Mehr-E­be­nen-Ana­lyse über­s­etzt, beinhaltet ein spezi­fi­sches Inter­esse in einer Reihe globaler Themen, von Trans­at­lantic Trade and Invest­ment Part­nership (TTIP) und anderen Handels­ab­kommen, dem inter­na­tio­nalen Finanz­system, Biodi­ver­sität und von Menschen gemachter Klima­wandel. Beson­ders inter­es­sieren uns hierbei die verschie­denen Vermitt­lungen von globalen Dyna­miken zu lokalen Alltags­prak­tiken und Firmen­ent­schei­dungen. Der hierbei verfolgte Poli­tik­an­satz unter­sucht das Span­nungs­feld von „top down“ und „bottom-up“ und fokus­siert Insti­tu­tio­na­li­sie­rungs­pro­zesse „von unten”. Die beinhal­teten Themen und Fragen umfassen Stadt­ent­wick­lung, Nach­hal­tig­keit, Mobi­lität, wirt­schaft­liche und soziale Entwick­lung, Parti­zi­pa­tion und Demo­kra­ti­sie­rung, policy analysis, Projekt­be­wer­tungen und Umwelte­va­lu­ie­rungen, tran­si­tion manage­ment, soziale Trans­for­ma­tion, Antworten auf die Umwelt­krisen (z.B. Verlust von Biodi­ver­sität, Klima­wandel, Verschmut­zungs­kon­trolle, Ressour­cen­ex­trak­ti­vismus) ebenso wie theo­re­ti­sche Weiter­ent­wick­lungen in sozi­al­wis­sen­schaft­li­chen Forschungs­pro­grammen. Die Forschungs- und Lehr­agenda ist inter­dis­zi­plinär und in Ansätzen auch trans­dis­zi­plinär mit dem Ziel zu einer demo­kra­ti­schen Wissens­pro­duk­tion und –diffu­sion beizu­tragen. Wissens­al­li­anzen mit akade­mi­schen und nich­t-­aka­de­mi­schen Part­ne­rInnen vertiefen das Verständnis der gegen­wär­tigen Dyna­miken sozio­ö­ko­n­o­mi­scher Entwick­lung und sozi­al­ö­ko­l­o­gi­scher Trans­for­ma­tion mit passenden Instru­menten und Poli­tiken für ein sozia­leres und ökol­o­gisch gerechtes System.

Clive L. Spash und Kolleg/inn/en

Forschungs­be­reiche:

Gover­nance and Policy

The area of public policy and gover­nance was tradi­tio­nally one in which the role of the State and formal insti­tu­tions of govern­ment were central. Since the rise of neoli­be­ra­lism in the 1980s the tradi­tional role of govern­ment has come into ques­tion and the State has had many of its’ func­tions rolled back. The private sector has incre­a­singly been brought in to carry out the provi­sio­ning of services (e.g., via public private part­nerships, contrac­tin­g-out), and the mana­ge­ria­lism of the private sector has been seen as ‘the way’ to make deci­sions and take control of insti­tu­tional prac­tice. This whole approach is some­times referred to as ‘hollo­win­g-out’ of govern­ment. ... read more ...

Social Ecolo­gical Trans­for­ma­tion

The rese­arch unit on “social ecolo­gical trans­for­ma­tion” deals with policy issues and deve­lop­ment dyna­mics from a specific perspec­tive of the need for radical change. We perceive social ecolo­gical trans­for­ma­tion as a deep histo­rical change in our ways of living and modes of produc­tion with serious and substan­tive impli­ca­tions for culture and poli­tics. ... read more ...

Deve­lop­ment

Deve­lop­ment at the MLGD Insti­tute is inter­preted in its broa­dest sense as dealing with what ought to be achieved in society over time. As such deve­lop­ment as a goal should provide guidance for policy and criteria against which policy can be evaluated. What is to be achieved in and by society cannot be deta­ched from an ongoing process of inclu­sive, deli­be­ra­tive, civic poli­tical discourse about envi­ron­mental, social and economic issues and prio­ri­ties. ... read more ...

Gunther Maier und Kolleg/inn/en

Regional Deve­lop­ment

As has become appa­rent in the recent economic crisis, regional econo­mies may be affected by shocks quite differ­ently. The crisis pushed certain areas into a deep reces­sion and after years of conver­gence, the dispa­ri­ties between the regions of Europe increased strongly in recent years. Globa­liza­tion and the rapid deve­lop­ment of trans­por­ta­tion and commu­ni­ca­tion tech­no­lo­gies made regions more inter­de­pen­dent, but did not elimi­nate geogra­phical space and regional diffe­rences, as some acade­mics have hypo­the­sized. Regions and specific regional circum­stances have become more rather than less important for economic deve­lop­ment. This pheno­menon is reflected in the growing inte­rest in regions in Econo­mics and Busi­ness as shown by work of Krugman, Porter, Kotler, etc. Regions typi­cally refer to subna­tional units but may also cover cross- and trans­na­tional spaces. .... read more .....

Travel/Trans­port/Mobi­lity

An effi­cient trans­port system is crucial for the func­tio­ning of modern econo­mies. It gives people the possi­bi­lity to live, work and parti­ci­pate in recrea­tional activi­ties at diffe­rent loca­tions. And it enables firms to buy inputs from distant produ­cers and to sell their goods at loca­tions diffe­rent from their produc­tion loca­tion. ... read more ...

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