The Nonprofit Sector
Key figures of the Austrian Nonprofit Sector
112.945 associations in 2008
The most common legal forms for NPOS used in Austria are "registered associations", "foundations", "corporations" and "co-operatives".
The organizational form of an association clearly dominates the entire NPO sector . 42,269 organizations were listed as an association in 1960 in Austria. In 2008 there were already 112,945 registered associations .
In 2008 there were a total of 246 regional foundations, 223 federal foundations and 3,141 private foundations. 210 of the private foundations are non-profit foundations and 34 of the Sparkasse foundation had non-profit aims .
Corporations can be awarded the status of a nonprofit corporation (by fiscal authorities), if their statutes codify the non-profitability and if this can be verified in practice. Because the commercial register does not indicate if a corporation is listed as a non-profit corporation, it is impossible to determine their number on the basis of the register. A survey from 2001 indicates that there were about 2001.
170.113 employees in 2006
The number of employees in the nonprofit sector was raised in 2006 and was about 170,113. Approximately 59 % of these individuals work in social services and health care. 74.02 % are female and 55.67 % work part-time .
3.019.242 volunteers in 2006
43.8 % Austrians (3,019,242 persons) were committed in 2006 in a voluntary service. This total number of volunteers is divided into:
1) 38.0 % formal volunteers
2) 26.2% informal volunteers
3) 25.8% both formal and informal volunteers
In Austria a total of 7,918,683 hours per week are achieved formal and 6,773,996 hours in informal voluntary work. This corresponds to 425,000 full-time workers (40 hours per week). 33.0 % are men, which is by 9.8 percentage points higher than the proportion of women working voluntary .
295 million Euro private donations in 2008
In 2008, an average of 67 euros per year per donor was donated in Austria, whereby women donated higher amounts than men, and older people more than younger ones. These results in a total amount of 295 million euros donated. Compared to Germany and Switzerland, Austria is able to keep up well with the participation of people donating (66 % of the population). However, the amount of the donations is considerably higher in other countries. Concerning the amount of donations, Austria is in the last position compared to German-speaking countries. (Germany: 100 €/donor, Switzerland: 283 €/household) .
4.048 million Total revenues and 3.461 million expenditures
In 2005 (some of the data from 1997) the total expenditures of the NPOS in Austria amounted to 3,461 million euros. The revenues were 4,048 million euros. These data were raised in 2006 and based on the workplace survey by Statistics Austria and were completed by data from earlier surveys. The investment volume in 2005 was 689 million euros. Here are just organizations included that had at least one paid employee.
Sources of funding of NPOs
In the Austrian Nonprofit Sector many different sources of funding are used. The public sector is by far the most significant for the total volume. Almost 30 % of all NPOs indicate that the public sector funds between 81 % and 100 % of total financing .
 Schneider, U./Badelt, C./Hagleitner, J. (2007): Der Nonprofit Sektor in Österreich. In: Badelt, C./Meyer, M./Simsa, R. (Hrsg.) (2007): Handbuch der Nonprofit Organisationen. Strukturen und Management. 4., überarbeitete Auflage. Schäfer-Poeschel Verlag: Stuttgart
 Statistik Austria (2010): Statistisches Jahrbuch 2010. Verlag Österreich: Wien
 Schneider, H./Millner, R./Meyer, M. (2010): Die Rolle der Gemeinnützigkeit in Österreichischen Stiftungen. Working Paper. Abteilung für Nonprofit Management, WU Wien
 Haider, A./Schneider, U./Leisch, R./Stöger, K. (2008): Neue Datengrundlagen für den Nonprofit Bereich. In: Statistische Nachrichten 63(8) S.754-761, Wien
 More-Holleweger, E./Heimgartner, A. (2009): Freiwilliges Engagement in Österreich. 1. Freiwilligenbericht. BMASK: Wien
 Neumayr, M./Schober, C. (2008): Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Bevölkerungsbefragung zum Spendenverhalten in Österreich. Spendenstudie 2008. Spendenbericht. NPO-Institut an der WU Wien
 Schober, C./Littich, E./Schober, D./Lintschinger, L. (2010): Ergebnisse zur NPO-Finanzierungsbefragung 2010, Studienbericht. NPO-Institut an der WU Wien