The Nonprofit Sector

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Key fig­ures of the Aus­trian Non­profit Sector

112.945 as­so­ci­ations in 2008

The most com­mon legal forms for NPOS used in Aus­tria are "re­gistered as­so­ci­ations", "found­a­tions", "cor­por­a­tions" and "co-­op­er­at­ives".

The or­gan­iz­a­tional form of an as­so­ci­ation clearly dom­in­ates the entire NPO sector [1]. 42,269 or­gan­iz­a­tions were lis­ted as an as­so­ci­ation in 1960 in Aus­tria. In 2008 there were already 112,945 re­gistered as­so­ci­ations [2].

In 2008 there were a total of 246 re­gional found­a­tions, 223 fed­eral found­a­tions and 3,141 private found­a­tions. 210 of the private found­a­tions are non-­profit found­a­tions and 34 of the Spar­kasse found­a­tion had non-­profit aims [3].

Cor­por­a­tions can be awar­ded the status of a non­profit cor­por­a­tion (by fis­cal au­thor­it­ies), if their stat­utes co­dify the non-­prof­it­ab­il­ity and if this can be veri­fied in prac­tice. Be­cause the com­mer­cial re­gister does not in­dic­ate if a cor­por­a­tion is lis­ted as a non-­profit cor­por­a­tion, it is im­possible to de­termine their num­ber on the basis of the re­gister. A sur­vey from 2001 in­dic­ates that there were about 2001.

170.113 em­ploy­ees in 2006

The num­ber of em­ploy­ees in the non­profit sector was raised in 2006 and was about 170,113. Ap­prox­im­ately 59 % of these in­di­vidu­als work in so­cial ser­vices and health care. 74.02 % are fe­male and 55.67 % work part-­time [4].

3.019.242 vo­lun­teers in 2006

43.8 % Aus­tri­ans (3,019,242 per­sons) were com­mit­ted in 2006 in a vol­un­tary ser­vice. This total num­ber of vo­lun­teers is di­vided into:

1) 38.0 % formal vo­lun­teers

2) 26.2% in­formal vo­lun­teers

3) 25.8% both formal and in­formal vo­lun­teers

In Aus­tria a total of 7,918,683 hours per week are achieved formal and 6,773,996 hours in in­formal vol­un­tary work. This cor­res­ponds to 425,000 full-­time work­ers (40 hours per week). 33.0 % are men, which is by 9.8 per­cent­age points higher than the pro­por­tion of wo­men work­ing vol­un­tary [5].

295 mil­lion Euro private dona­tions in 2008

In 2008, an aver­age of 67 euros per year per donor was donated in Aus­tria, whereby wo­men donated higher amounts than men, and older people more than younger ones. These res­ults in a total amount of 295 mil­lion euros donated. Com­pared to Ger­many and Switzer­land, Aus­tria is able to keep up well with the par­ti­cip­a­tion of people donat­ing (66 % of the pop­u­la­tion). However, the amount of the dona­tions is con­sid­er­ably higher in other coun­tries. Con­cern­ing the amount of dona­tions, Aus­tria is in the last pos­i­tion com­pared to Ger­man-speak­ing coun­tries. (Ger­many: 100 €/donor, Switzer­land: 283 €/house­hold) [6].

4.048 mil­lion Total rev­en­ues and 3.461 mil­lion ex­pendit­ures

In 2005 (some of the data from 1997) the total ex­pendit­ures of the NPOS in Aus­tria amoun­ted to 3,461 mil­lion euros. The rev­en­ues were 4,048 mil­lion euros. These data were raised in 2006 and based on the work­place sur­vey by Stat­ist­ics Aus­tria and were com­pleted by data from earlier sur­veys. The in­vest­ment volume in 2005 was 689 mil­lion euros. Here are just or­gan­iz­a­tions in­cluded that had at least one paid em­ployee.

Sources of fund­ing of NPOs

In the Aus­trian Non­profit Sector many dif­fer­ent sources of fund­ing are used. The pub­lic sector is by far the most sig­ni­fic­ant for the total volume. Al­most 30 % of all NPOs in­dic­ate that the pub­lic sector funds between 81 % and 100 % of total fin­an­cing [7].

[1] Schneider, U./Badelt, C./Hagleit­ner, J. (2007): Der Non­profit Sek­tor in Öster­reich. In: Badelt, C./Meyer, M./Simsa, R. (Hrsg.) (2007): Hand­buch der Non­profit Or­gan­isa­tionen. Struk­turen und Man­age­ment. 4., über­arbeitete Au­flage. Schäfer­-­Poes­chel Ver­lag: Stut­tgart

[2] Stat­istik Aus­tria (2010): Stat­istisches Jahr­buch 2010. Ver­lag Öster­reich: Wien

[3] Schneider, H./Mill­ner, R./Meyer, M. (2010): Die Rolle der Ge­meinnützigkeit in Öster­reichis­chen Stif­tun­gen. Work­ing Pa­per. Ab­teilung für Non­profit Man­age­ment, WU Wien

[4] Haider, A./Schneider, U./Leisch, R./Stöger, K. (2008): Neue Daten­grundla­gen für den Non­profit Bereich. In: Stat­istische Na­chrichten 63(8) S.754-761, Wien

[5] More-Holleweger, E./Heimgart­ner, A. (2009): Freiwil­li­ges En­gage­ment in Öster­reich. 1. Freiwil­li­gen­bericht. BMASK: Wien

[6] Neu­mayr, M./Schober, C. (2008): Ergeb­n­isse einer repräsent­at­iven Bevölker­ungs­be­fra­gung zum Spenden­ver­hal­ten in Öster­reich. Spenden­studie 2008. Spenden­bericht. NPO-In­sti­tut an der WU Wien

[7] Schober, C./Lit­tich, E./Schober, D./Lintschinger, L. (2010): Ergeb­n­isse zur NPO-Fin­an­zier­ungs­be­fra­gung 2010, Stud­i­en­bericht. NPO-In­sti­tut an der WU Wien