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History

1898

The Ex­port Academy of the Aus­trian Im­per­ial Trade Mu­seum is foun­ded and its lib­rary es­tab­lished.

1909/10

The Ex­port Academy pub­lishes a two-­volume lib­rary cata­log list­ing 5,000 books and 50 journ­als to which the lib­rary has act­ive sub­scrip­tions.

1916

The Ex­port Academy moves to a new build­ing in the Vi­en­nese dis­trict of Döbling. As an in­terim solu­tion (which would even­tu­ally be main­tained until 1956), the lib­rary is set up in the base­ment.

1919

The Ex­port Academy is trans­formed into the Uni­versity of World Trade (Hoch­schule für Welthan­del). The lib­rary be­comes a uni­versity lib­rary.

1923

The hold­ings of the lib­rary of the Trade Mu­seum are in­teg­rated into the Uni­versity Lib­rary.

1930

The Uni­versity of World Trade is gran­ted the right to award doc­toral de­grees. The lib­rary starts col­lect­ing dis­ser­ta­tions com­pleted at the uni­versity.

1938

In March, Aus­tria is an­nexed by Nazi Ger­many. The lib­rary is in­teg­rated into the Ger­man and in­ter­na­tional in­ter­-lib­rary loan sys­tems.

1947

The lib­rary be­gins com­pil­ing a cata­log with a sys­tem­atic clas­si­fic­a­tion of works ac­cord­ing to sub­ject mat­ter, cov­er­ing lit­er­at­ure pub­lished from 1945 on­wards.

1955

The Higher Edu­ca­tion Or­gan­iz­a­tion Act (Hoch­schu­lor­gan­isa­tionsge­setz, HOG 1955) enters into force. Un­der the new le­gis­la­tion, the Lib­rary Dir­ector re­ports dir­ectly to the Aus­trian Fed­eral Min­istry of Edu­ca­tion.
A cent­ral cata­log is es­tab­lished that in­cludes the hold­ings of all the in­di­vidual In­sti­tutes.

1956

A new wing of the Uni­versity for World Trade build­ing is in­aug­ur­ated. The lib­rary moves to the new wing where it gets a new main read­ing room, cata­log and journal rooms, a cir­cu­la­tion desk, a locker room for lib­rary users, and a two-­level closed stacks sec­tion.

1966

The Gen­eral Uni­versity Stud­ies Act (Allge­meines Hoch­schul-Stud­i­enge­setz, AH­StG) makes it man­dat­ory for dip­loma theses to be stored in the cor­res­pond­ing uni­versity lib­rar­ies. The Act on Uni­versity Stud­ies in the So­cial and Eco­nomic Sciences (Bundes­ge­setz über sozi­al- und wirtschaft­swis­senschaft­liche Stud­i­en­rich­tun­gen) brings about a new legal frame­work for de­gree pro­grams in the so­cial and eco­nomic sciences.

1974

In­aug­ur­a­tion of the newly com­pleted west­ern wing of the uni­versity build­ing on Gym­nas­i­um­straße. The lib­rary gets an ad­di­tional 412 m² of floor space in the new wing, in­clud­ing new stor­age fa­cil­it­ies, a second read­ing room, a cata­log room, etc.

1975

Gov­ern­ment passes the Uni­versity Or­gan­iz­a­tion Act (Uni­versitäts-Or­gan­isa­tionsge­setz, UOG 1975). Ac­cord­ing to this new le­gis­la­tion, all the books and in­form­a­tion me­dia that ex­ist at a given uni­versity make up the uni­versity lib­rary hold­ings (UOG, § 84). Pur­su­ant to the UOG 1975, the Uni­versity for Global Trade is re­named Wirtschaft­suni­versität Wien (Vi­enna Uni­versity of Eco­nom­ics and Busi­ness Ad­min­is­tra­tion).
As a con­sequence, the lib­rary be­comes the WU Uni­versity Lib­rary.
The lib­rary in­tro­duces a new sys­tem­atic cata­log; the old 1945-1974 cata­log is closed.

1982

In­aug­ur­a­tion of the new WU build­ing on Augasse 2-6 in Vi­enna's ninth dis­trict. At the new loca­tion, the WU Uni­versity Lib­rary oc­cu­pies a four-­level lib­rary build­ing with 7,188 m² of net floor space. 4,622 m² are ded­ic­ated for lib­rary users (open stacks and read­ing areas, text­book col­lec­tion, cata­log, and cir­cu­la­tion areas) with 480 work­places. The new lib­rary also has 1,789 m² of closed stacks and 768 m² of of­fice space.

1984

WU es­tab­lishes the In­form­a­tion Center for So­cial Sciences (Sozi­al­wis­senschaft­liche In­form­a­tionss­telle, SOWIS). The In­form­a­tion Center's tasks in­clude re­search doc­u­ment­a­tion, the doc­u­ment­a­tion of gray lit­er­at­ure, and the dis­sem­in­a­tion of in­form­a­tion.
1986
The WU Uni­versity Lib­rary of­fers new ser­vices:

     

  • In­tro­duc­tion of cent­ral­ized cata­loging

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  • Es­tab­lish­ment of a cent­ral­ized journal cata­log at WU

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  • SOWIS starts go­ing through rel­ev­ant na­tional and in­ter­na­tional data­bases

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  • Es­tab­lish­ment of IDAS, a re­search data­base for so­cial sciences, eco­nom­ics, and busi­ness stud­ies

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  • A spe­cial in­form­a­tion desk is es­tab­lished in the cata­log area. Lib­rary in­form­a­tion folders with in­struc­tions on how to use the lib­rary are is­sued.

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1987

Start of the WU 2000-Lib­rary In­form­a­tions Sys­tem pro­ject, which in­cludes devel­op­ing a strategy for the fu­ture devel­op­ment of lib­rary activ­it­ies and lib­rary ser­vices at WU.
The lib­rary puts up a text­book col­lec­tion in the open stacks area.

1988

A pro­ject plan for in­stalling a lib­rary IT sys­tem that can be ac­cessed by aca­demic staff dir­ectly from their desks is developed.
The first ed­i­tion of WU's main journal cata­log be­comes avail­able.

1989

The WU Uni­versity Lib­rary joins BIBOS, the com­pu­ter­ized, in­teg­rated union cata­log of Aus­tria's aca­demic lib­rar­ies. The card cata­logs are dis­con­tin­ued.

1991

Im­ple­ment­a­tion of the WU 2000- Lib­rary In­form­a­tions Sys­tem pro­ject. The new sys­tem of­fers aca­demic staff ac­cess to the on­line union cata­log and the Aus­trian journal data­base dir­ectly from their desks at the in­di­vidual In­sti­tutes.
WU-Net, WU's new local area net­work, goes on­line.
Com­ple­tion of Hy­per­bib, a hy­per­CAD sys­tem for man­aging cit­a­tions.

1992

A new book stor­age fa­cil­ity is com­pleted in build­ing UZA III
It has 600 m² of total floor space and can ac­com­mod­ate 170,000 books.
The WU Uni­versity Lib­rary gets a new or­gan­iz­a­tional struc­ture, based on three main di­vi­sions:

     

  • Ac­quis­i­tions and Hold­ings Man­age­ment

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  • Lib­rary use and IT

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  • De­cent­ral­ized op­er­a­tions

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1993

The Aus­trian Stu­dents' Union (ÖH) at WU raises ATS 1.3 mil­lion (ap­prox € 95,000) with the "Bildung braucht Bücher" char­ity pro­ject. The WU Uni­versity Lib­rary also re­ceives a dona­tion of ATS 600,000 (€ over 43,000) to fund text­book pur­chases.

1994

Im­ple­ment­a­tion of the "CD-ROM im Netz" pro­ject, which makes data­bases stored on CD avail­able on­line.
The lib­rary's hold­ings in­clude 36 data­bases on CD.

1995

Im­ple­ment­a­tion of a com­pu­ter­ized loan sys­tem.
Ac­quis­i­tion of Busi­ness Peri­od­ic­als Ondisc (BPO), a full text col­lec­tion of over 500 Eng­lish-lan­guage journ­als on 600 CDs.
The SOWIS In­form­a­tion Center gets a new room with 20 work­places for CD-­based lit­er­at­ure searches.
The lib­rary hosts two book present­a­tions.
The WU Uni­versity Lib­rary has a stand at the Frank­furt Book Fair.

1996

The lib­rary launches a doc­u­ment de­liv­ery ser­vice.
A list of dis­ser­ta­tions com­pleted at WU be­comes avail­able on­line.
Start of an EU-­fun­ded Tem­pus Phare pro­ject in­volving the fol­low­ing part­ners:

     

  • WU Uni­versity Lib­rary

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  • Varna Uni­versity of Eco­nom­ics Lib­rary (Bul­garia)

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  • Col­lege of Europe, Bruges (Bel­gium)

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The goal of the pro­ject is to mod­ern­ize the Varna Uni­versity of Eco­nom­ics Lib­rary through the im­ple­ment­a­tion of new tech­no­lo­gies.
Pur­su­ant to § 7 of the Uni­versity Or­gan­iz­a­tion Act 1993 (UOG), the Aus­trian Min­istry of Science and Re­search ap­proves the WU By-Laws, in­clud­ing An­nex 7, the Guidelines for the Use and Op­er­a­tions of the WU Uni­versity Lib­rary.

1997

Com­ple­tion of the EU-­fun­ded Tem­pus Phare pro­ject.
On June 25, WU fully ad­opts the Uni­versity Or­gan­iz­a­tion Act 1993 (UOG). As a con­sequence, the lib­rary of­fi­cially be­comes an in­teg­ral part of WU's or­gan­iz­a­tional struc­ture.
The lib­rary in­tro­duces web ac­cess to eJourn­als.
The con­tract for in­stalling the new Aleph 500 lib­rary net­work sys­tem is awar­ded to the com­pany Exlib­ris.

1998

The WU Uni­versity Lib­rary hosts the North­ern European Re­gional Group meet­ing of the European Busi­ness Schools Lib­rari­ans' Group (EBSLG).
The new Aleph 500 lib­rary net­work sys­tem goes on­line at the end of the year.

2000/2001

The lib­rary is evalu­ated by Roswitha Poll and Klaus Ceynowa. They praise the ex­cel­lent or­gan­iz­a­tion of the lib­rary's op­er­a­tions but also point out some struc­tural de­fi­cits in con­nec­tion with the two-tier lib­rary sys­tem.

2002

Re­struc­tur­ing of the lib­rary's three main di­vi­sions.
Re­struc­tur­ing of the In­foCenter.
ePubwu, WU's elec­tronic in­sti­tu­tional re­pos­it­ory for dis­ser­ta­tions and work­ing pa­pers, makes its de­but.

2003

The lib­rary courses are re­designed.
Ex­pand­ing the di­gital lib­rary re­sources be­comes a stra­tegic ob­ject­ive for the WU Uni­versity Lib­rary.
Launch of the SFX link re­solver.

2004

The WU Uni­versity Lib­rary joins the BIX Lib­rary In­dex, a Ger­man bench­mark­ing pro­ject aimed at aca­demic lib­rar­ies (re­port­ing year 2003). Activ­it­ies as part of this pro­ject con­tinue on a reg­u­lar basis.
New Lib­rary Reg­u­la­tions en­ter into force.
The lib­rary joins Nereus, a net­work of lead­ing European eco­nom­ics in­form­a­tion pro­viders.

2005

The copier room is ren­ov­ated, and con­struc­tion work is done to provide ad­equate es­cape routes and emer­gency exits.
The de­cision is made to build a new WU cam­pus.
In the night of Decem­ber 13, an ar­son­ist sets a fire in the base­ment of the WU build­ing. Spe­cial clean­ing pro­ced­ures are re­quired to re­move soot and smoke dam­age from the entire open stacks hold­ings -ap­prox­im­ately 40,000 volumes - and the pub­lic PC work­sta­tions. Some of the PCs and print­ers, a self-ser­vice check­out ma­chine, the CD-ROM server, and the anti-theft sys­tem sus­tain sig­ni­fic­ant dam­age.

2006

WU staff man­age to reopen parts of the lib­rary on Janu­ary 9. By Janu­ary 23, all books are at the cor­rect shelf loca­tions again. However, work to re­pair the dam­age caused by the fire con­tin­ues throughout the year 2006.
The cir­cu­la­tion desk is re­designed to im­prove func­tion­al­ity and er­go­nom­ics.

2007

Cal­cu­la­tions are con­duc­ted to de­termine the amount of space needed for the Uni­versity Lib­rary on the planned new WU cam­pus, and plans are drawn up for the func­tions to be per­formed by the new lib­rary.
The courses offered by lib­rary are com­ple­men­ted by the LOTSE on­line tutorial.
A ret­ro­spect­ive con­ver­sion pro­ject is im­ple­men­ted, fo­cus­ing on the Main Lib­rary's hold­ings from the period of 1931 to 1985.
The WU Uni­versity Lib­rary or­gan­izes and hosts two in­ter­na­tional con­fer­ences as part of the Nereus and the EBSLG North­ern Group net­works.

2008

The stu­dio Zaha Hadid Ar­chi­tects wins the ar­chi­tec­tural design com­pet­i­tion for the Lib­rary & Learn­ing Center (LC ). The LC will be at the heart of the new WU cam­pus and is designed to be­come an ar­chi­tec­tural land­mark.

2009

The LC is planned in close co­oper­a­tion with the Ham­burg of­fice of Zaha Hadid Ar­chi­tects.
At the end of Novem­ber, Bet­tina Schmeikal re­tires and Nikolaus Ber­ger takes over as new Lib­rary Dir­ector.

2010

The lib­rary starts the year by ad­opt­ing a new or­gan­iz­a­tional struc­ture, aimed to usher in a trans­ition to a one-tier lib­rary sys­tem on the new cam­pus. Several new or­gan­iz­a­tional units are es­tab­lished: Col­lec­tion Man­age­ment, Me­dia Man­age­ment, Reader Ser­vice, Ser­vice Man­age­ment, Old In­vent­ory Man­age­ment, and the staff unit Ac­quis­i­tions, Fin­ances, and Fin­an­cial Con­trol.
Plans for the new cam­pus en­vis­age a one-tier lib­rary sys­tem with four branch lib­rar­ies.
The info ser­vice is re­struc­tured and a lit­er­at­ure search ser­vice is es­tab­lished.
ePubWU, WU's in­sti­tu­tional re­pos­it­ory, re­ceives a soft­ware over­haul, ad­ding many new func­tions.
The Main Lib­rary of­fers 30 ad­di­tional work­places for its users.
A re­search pro­ject is launched to in­vestig­ate the ori­gins of works ac­quired un­der Nazi rule and the leg­al­ity of these ac­quis­i­tions.

2011

The re­clas­si­fic­a­tion of all open stacks hold­ings (ap­prox. 32,000 items) ac­cord­ing to the RVK clas­si­fic­a­tion sys­tem is com­pleted. The first In­sti­tute lib­rar­ies are closed and thou­sands of items from their col­lec­tions are pre­pared to be assigned to one of the 4 branch lib­rar­ies on the new cam­pus.
The ret­ro­spect­ive con­ver­sion of mono­graphs from the time be­fore 1930 is com­pleted. All of WU's mono­graphs are now in­cluded in the on­line cata­log.
The primo search en­gine goes live for all lib­rary users.
Server host­ing for the Aleph sys­tem, pre­vi­ously provided by WU's IT Ser­vices, is out­sourced to OBVSG (Öster­reichis­che Bib­lio­thek­en­ver­bund - und Ser­vice­gesell­schaft).
In the open stacks area, stu­dents now have ac­cess to easy-to-use book scan­ners.

2012

In this year, the WU Uni­versity Lib­rary fo­cuses mainly on provid­ing smooth day-to-day ser­vices for lib­rary users and pre­par­ing for the move to the new Lib­rary & Learn­ing Center build­ing that is un­der con­struc­tion at the new Cam­pus WU loca­tion. Plan­ning work is un­der­way to develop an RFID-­based bor­row­ing and lib­rary se­cur­ity sys­tem, and most of the Lib­rary’s print items are equipped with RFID tags. De­tailed plan­ning work is done to choose the fur­niture for the new lib­rary build­ing, in­clud­ing all the shelves. Tenders are launched for the pro­cure­ment of the fur­niture, con­tracts are awar­ded, and the Lib­rary team starts draft­ing re­lo­ca­tion plans for the move from the old loca­tion to the new Cam­pus WU. The Me­dia and Seri­als Man­age­ment di­vi­sions are tak­ing over ac­quis­i­tions pro­cesses from those In­sti­tute Lib­rar­ies that have already been closed. Over the course of the year, the Lib­rary is pre­par­ing thou­sands of items for the new shelving lay­out at Cam­pus WU.

The Lib­rary’s range of di­gital me­dia is ex­pan­ded, espe­cially by ad­ding new pub­lish­ers to the on­line journ­als col­lec­tion.

The year also marks the 10-year an­niversary of ePubWU, WU’s open-ac­cess re­pos­it­ory.

2013

At the be­gin­ning of the year, the Lib­rary im­ple­ments a cent­ral­ized ac­quis­i­tion pro­ced­ure for all new me­dia. WU’s de­part­ments are assigned or­der­ing rights, which al­low them to order lit­er­at­ure and in­form­a­tion me­dia through the WU Uni­versity Lib­rary. The ordered items are then shelved in one of WU’s branch lib­rar­ies. Over the sum­mer, the Lib­rary’s entire col­lec­tion is moved to WU’s new cam­pus in Vi­enna’s second dis­trict. The lib­rary fa­cil­it­ies at WU’s old loca­tion are closed in mid-August. The Cent­ral Lib­rary in the new Lib­rary & Learn­ing Center and the three new spe­cial­ist lib­rar­ies (law, so­cial sciences, and busi­ness lan­guages) open their doors on Septem­ber 30. The Cent­ral Lib­rary of­fers 1,500 self-study work­places for dif­fer­ent needs and re­quire­ments (quiet areas, com­mu­nic­at­ive areas, News­lounge, a café, and pro­ject rooms). A self-ser­vice check­out sys­tem is in­tro­duced for all lib­rary loans, in­clud­ing a self-ser­vice book re­turn ma­chine with an auto­mated sort­ing sys­tem. The Cent­ral Lib­rary also fea­tures new pay­ment ma­chines where lib­rary users can make all their lib­rary-re­lated pay­ments. Large parts of the Lib­rary’s entire hold­ings are shelved ac­cord­ing to the RVK clas­si­fic­a­tion sys­tem at the four new lib­rary loca­tions. On Novem­ber 7, over 300 lib­rari­ans and lib­rary-af­fil­i­ated guests from Aus­tria and abroad at­ten­ded the Uni­versity Lib­rary’s Open Day event. The Seri­als Man­age­ment di­vi­sion, the Lib­rary for Law, and the Lib­rary for Busi­ness Lan­guages launch ret­ro­spect­ive con­ver­sion pro­jects for items not yet in­cluded in the cata­logs and start re­clas­si­fic­a­tion pro­jects to im­ple­ment the RVK clas­si­fic­a­tion sys­tem.

2014

The Lib­rary in­aug­ur­ates a new bar­ri­er­-­free room in the Cent­ral Lib­rary, fea­tur­ing assist­ive tech­no­lo­gies for the needs of people with visual impair­ments and wheel­chair users.

The cam­pus book de­liv­ery ser­vice that al­lows aca­demic staff to order books dir­ectly from the Cent­ral Lib­rary be­comes fully op­er­a­tional, and the Cent­ral Lib­rary and the Lib­rary for So­cial Sciences in­tro­duce ex­ten­ded open­ing hours.

On Oc­to­ber 21, 2014, the 100th birth­day of Kurt W. Roth­schild, the WU Uni­versity Lib­rary in­aug­ur­ates the Steindl Roth­schild Col­lec­tion, a spe­cial col­lec­tion in­clud­ing the lib­rar­ies from the estates of econom­ists Kurt W. Roth­schild and Josef Steindl and items from their pro­fes­sional cor­res­pond­ence. The Lib­rary for Law is work­ing on the con­sol­id­a­tion of loose-leaf ed­i­tions and col­lec­tions of court de­cisions. In the course of a ret­ro­spect­ive con­ver­sion pro­ject, the Lib­rary for Law also adds a large num­ber of works to its cata­log, clas­si­fy­ing them ac­cord­ing to the RVK sys­tem. The Lib­rary for Law also ac­quires a sig­ni­fic­ant amount of basic legal lit­er­at­ure to com­ple­ment its col­lec­tion. The ret­ro­spect­ive con­ver­sion pro­ject for seri­als is com­pleted, and WU’s entire seri­als col­lec­tion be­comes fully avail­able in the WU on­line cata­log. The WU Uni­versity Lib­rary hosts meet­ings of the NEREUS net­work and the EBSLG North­ern Group.