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Regional Inequality

The subject of regional inequality deals with regional development, geographic clusters and spatial analysis.


Regionally different developments of municipalities or districts with respect to growth, income and productivity are being analyzed. Regional inequality can lead to effects concerning agglomeration, thinning and crowding out. Analysis might be biased if regional characteristics are not included. Furthermore, there is an influence of societal cohabitation on public investment and the labor market in combination with the interaction between regional income inequality and housing prices.

Analysis of regional development of income in Austrian municipalities

Which regions or municipalities are characterized by increasing/decreasing inequality? Which factors are responsible for these developments?

“Hot” and “cold” spots of income inequality based an anonymized micro tax-data from Statistik Austria can be identified:

  • urban areas and surrounding municipalities show high income spreads (commuters and income transfer);

  • there is a Problem of segregation in city districts or settlements within municipalities; and

  • “affordable living” – which consequences does rising inequality have for the cost of rents? 

Regional political participation and results

Is there a nexus between political participation and inequality? Societal and political participation depends on the objective and subjective position within society. Higher levels of inequality can lead to

  • increased participation (change) or

  • decreasing participation (resignation)

Income related data from Statistik Austria and results of municipal elections will be analyzed.

Social deprivation and migration

Social deprivation is concerned with possible exclusion from society and missing participation opportunities (with respect to income and education). Which factors determine domestic migration, where do individuals go within Austria?

Are there different groups within the population with different preferences for their social environment? High-income individuals (“elites”) vs. low-income individuals (social inclusion). Who has the possibility of migration? “Natural experiments” through company closing take place.