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WU Lecture in Economics with Jörgen Weibull

19/12/2019

Economics and human motivation: Charles Darwin meets Adam Smith and Immanuel Kant. WU Matters. WU Talks with Jörgen Weibull | Dec. 18, 6 p.m. Ceremonial Hall 1, WU Campus (Building LLC)

For this year's WU Lecture in Economics we invited Jörgen Weibull, A.O. Wallenberg professor of economics at the Stockholm School of Economics. His research covers applied and theoretical microeconomics and game theory. Weibull is a Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, a Fellow of the Econometric Society and a Fellow of the European Economic Association. His work has been published in American Economic Review, Econometrica, Quarterly Journal of Economics, and Journal of Political Economy, inter alia. In his WU Lecture he summarizes recent work on an alternative to homo economicus. I hope to see many of you there!

Date: Wednesday, December 18, 2019
Time: 18:00
Location: Ceremonial Hall 1, LC building, Campus WU

Title: Economics and human motivation: Charles Darwin meets Adam Smith and Immanuel Kant

Abstract: Economic analyses are usually based on the assumption that decision-makers are purely self-interested. However, in many controlled laboratory experiments, this homo oeconomicus model has been shown to be not generally valid. Also introspection suggests that our motivation often is much richer, usually also including other-regarding or moral considerations. Then what kind of preferences should one expect Darwinian evolution to bring forth in spatially structured populations such as those of homo sapiens? In joint theoretical research with Ingela Alger (Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse and Toulouse School of Economics) we argue that evolution leads to what we call homo moralis preferences, a combination of self-interest, in line with Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations, and morality in line with Immanuel Kant’s categorical imperative. In subsequent work, also involving biologist Laurent Lehmann (Lausanne) and experimentalist Boris van Leeuwen (Tilburg), we show that a third component may enter, namely, a grain of envy. We call individuals with all three motivational components (self-interest, morality, and envy) competitive moralists. Such richer motivations, not before studied, have important implications for economic behavior and economic policy.

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